Characterization of DNA replication at a restrictive temperature in a mouse DNA temperature-sensitive mutant, tsFT20 strain, containing heat-labile DNA polymerase alpha activity.

Abstract:

tsFT20 cells derived from a mouse mammary carcinoma cell line FM3A have temperature-sensitive DNA polymerase alpha activity (Murakami, Y., Yasuda, H., Miyazawa, H., Hanaoka, F., and Yamada, M. (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 82, 1761-1765). DNA replication in tsFT20 cells at the restrictive temperature (39 degrees C) has been characterized in detail. DNA-synthesizing ability of these cells was measured by [3H] thymidine incorporation and autoradiography. The incorporation of [3H]thymidine decreased rapidly after temperature shift-up, and the incorporation was less than 20% of the initial level after 4 h at 39 degrees C. The rapid decrease correlated well with the decrease in the grain number in the individual nucleus but not with the number of cells with labeled nuclei. Alkaline sucrose gradient sedimentation analysis and DNA fiber autoradiography revealed that DNA chain elongation proceeded normally within a replicon in the temperature-sensitive cells incubated at the restrictive temperature and the DNA elongation rate did not change during the incubation at the restrictive temperature up to at least 6 h. On the other hand, the maturation of replicon-sized DNA to higher molecular weight DNA was retarded or inhibited in the temperature-sensitive cells at the restrictive temperature. The analysis of the center to center distance between replicons by DNA fiber autoradiography revealed that the frequency of replicon initiation decreased in tsFT20 cells at 39 degrees C.

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