(-)-2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine is a potent, highly selective inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and type 2 replication in vitro.


The (-)-enantiomer of 2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) was found to be a potent and selective inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus types 1 (HIV-1) and 2 (HIV-2) in vitro. We determined its antiviral activity against a number of laboratory strains of HIV-1 and HIV-2 in a range of CD4-bearing lymphocyte cell lines (mean 50% inhibitory concentration [IC50] range, 4 nM to 0.67 microM). 3TC was also active against a range of HIV-1 strains in peripheral blood lymphocytes (mean IC50 range, 2.5 to 90 nM). The IC50 for cytotoxicity in seven lymphocyte cell cultures, including human peripheral blood lymphocytes, ranged from 0.5 to 6 mM. 3TC had no detectable antiviral activity against a range of other viruses or in cells chronically infected with HIV-1 or HIV-2. The effects of time of addition of the compound and varying the multiplicity of infection on the antiviral activity of 3TC were determined. The results showed that 3TC is a potent and selective inhibitor of HIV-1 and HIV-2 replication in vitro.



Nucleotide Incorporation, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Modulators/Inhibitors, Health/Disease


new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.