The DNA polymerase-primase from drosophila melanogaster embryos. Rate and fidelity of polymerization on single-stranded DNA templates.

Abstract:

The DNA polymerase activity of the near homogeneous, multisubunit DNA polymerase-primase from Drosophila melanogaster embryos has been compared to Escherichia coli DNA polymerase III core, DNA polymerase III, and DNA polymerase III holoenzyme. The rate of deoxynucleotide incorporation by the Drosophila polymerase on singly primed phi X174 DNA is similar to that observed with equivalent levels of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme in the absence of E. coli single-stranded DNA binding protein. However, analysis of the DNA products indicates that the Drosophila polymerase is less processive than DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, and closely resembles DNA polymerase III. The Drosophila polymerase-primase contains neither 3'-5' exonuclease nor RNase H-like activities, and catalyzes no significant pyrophosphate exchange. There is a low level of DNA-dependent ATPase activity which can be eliminated by a second glycerol gradient sedimentation (Kaguni, L.S., Rossignol, J.-M., Conaway, R.C., and Lehman, I.R. (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 80, 2221-2225). Although lacking a 3'-5' exonuclease, the replication fidelity of the D. melanogaster polymerase is similar to that of E. coli DNA polymerase III holoenzyme which possesses such an activity.

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