The elongation of mismatched primers by DNA polymerase alpha from calf thymus.


The ability of the 9S and 5.7S DNA polymerase alpha subspecies from ...
The ability of the 9S and 5.7S DNA polymerase alpha subspecies from calf thymus in elongating a mismatched primer terminus has been investigated. With poly(dA) as template, the elongation rate for (dT)8dG, (dT)8dC and (dT)10dGdT is 20-fold lower for the 9S enzyme and 5-fold lower for the 5.7S enzyme as compared to (dT)10. The presence of a second mismatch at the primer terminus reduces the elongation rate further by a factor of two. Exonucleolytic excision of the mismatches can be excluded. With (dT)8dG (dT)n as primer we show, that at least five T-residues have to follow the mismatch in order to establish the elongation rate of a perfectly paired primer. The KM value for (dT)10 dG as primer is 400 nM as compared to 10 nM for (dT)10. Addition of Mn2+ increases the relative efficiency of elongation of the mismatched primers.




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