The elongation of mismatched primers by DNA polymerase alpha from calf thymus.

Abstract:

The ability of the 9S and 5.7S DNA polymerase alpha subspecies from calf thymus in elongating a mismatched primer terminus has been investigated. With poly(dA) as template, the elongation rate for (dT)8dG, (dT)8dC and (dT)10dGdT is 20-fold lower for the 9S enzyme and 5-fold lower for the 5.7S enzyme as compared to (dT)10. The presence of a second mismatch at the primer terminus reduces the elongation rate further by a factor of two. Exonucleolytic excision of the mismatches can be excluded. With (dT)8dG (dT)n as primer we show, that at least five T-residues have to follow the mismatch in order to establish the elongation rate of a perfectly paired primer. The KM value for (dT)10 dG as primer is 400 nM as compared to 10 nM for (dT)10. Addition of Mn2+ increases the relative efficiency of elongation of the mismatched primers.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.