Meiosis in Coprinus: characterization and activities of two forms of DNA polymerase during meiotic stages.


Two forms of DNA polymerase have been studied in the basidiomycete ...
Two forms of DNA polymerase have been studied in the basidiomycete Coprinus. DNA polymerase from basidiocarp tissues at zygotene-pachytene stage has been purified 3,500-fold and defined as DNA polymerase b by virtue of its insensitivity to N-ethylmaleimide and by its low molecular weight (76,000). This enzyme has optimal activity at pH 7.0 to 7.5, at 200 mM KCl, and at 25 degrees C incubation temperature. It can use polycytidylic acid-oligo(dG)12-18 as template primer in addition to homodeoxypolymers. The DNA polymerase a is mainly produced in the exponentially growing mycelium. It is sensitive to N-ethylmaleimide and has a temperature optimum at 35 degrees C. At the premeiotic S phase, activities from both polymerase a and polymerase b are found in cell-free extracts. The b enzyme is the only DNA polymerase produced during meiotic prophase. Its assayable activity exhibits two peaks, one at premeiotic S stage and one at pachytene. It is possible that DNA polymerase b is responsible for pachytene repairs involved in recombination.




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