Herpes simplex virus type I DNA polymerase. Kinetic properties of the associated 3'-5' exonuclease activity and its role in araAMP incorporation.


An exonuclease activity copurified with herpes simplex virus type I ...
An exonuclease activity copurified with herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1) DNA polymerase through DNA-cellulose column chromatography and comigrated with DNA polymerase activity on nondenaturing gel electrophoresis at varied polyacrylamide concentrations. A gapped duplex DNA was the preferred substrate for this exonuclease activity since the hydrolytic activity on this type of DNA was much greater than the hydrolysis of either native or heat-denatured DNA. Using 3'-terminally labeled activated calf thymus DNA as substrate, the exonuclease activity was found to be activated by salt and spermidine in a manner identical with HSV-1 DNA polymerase. This activation was accompanied by increases in apparent Km and Vmax values of the activated DNA substrate. Phosphonoformic acid inhibited both DNA polymerase and exonuclease activities uncompetitively with respect to activated DNA and had a Ki of 2.4 microM at an ionic strength of 0.25 mu. Of the nucleoside 5'-monophosphates tested only the purine ribonucleotides inhibited the exonuclease activity. The inhibition was noncompetitive with respect to DNA, and GMP was about twice as potent as AMP or IMP. 9-beta-D-arabinosyladenine 5'-monophosphate (araAMP) could be incorporated into DNA by HSV-1 DNA polymerase; however, 9-beta-D-arabinosyladenine 5'-triphosphate would not replace dATP in supporting in vitro HSV-1 DNA synthesis. AraAMP incorporated into primer termini caused a significant decrease in the rate of subsequent primer elongation. These 3'-terminal araAMP residues could be removed by the HSV-1 DNA polymerase-associated exonuclease activity in a manner dependent on GMP concentration.




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