Bacterial and phage mutations that reveal helix-unwinding activities required for bacteriophage T4 DNA replication.


An Escherichia coli strain with a mutation in the optA gene restricts the growth of bacteriophage T4 strains partially defective in gene 43 (DNA polymerase) or missing gene dda (DNA-dependent ATPase). The mutations in the dda gene inactivate a DNA-dependent ATPase that has been shown to have DNA helicase activity in vitro. We show that the restriction of phage growth after infection of the optA bacterium is the result of a block in DNA replication. We infer that the block arises from a defect in DNA unwinding.



Accessory Proteins/Complexes, Nucleotide Incorporation


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