Protein-primed replication of plasmids containing the terminus of the adenovirus genome. I. Characterization of an in vitro DNA replication system dependent on adenoviral DNA sequences.


An in vitro system which replicates plasmid DNA containing the ...
An in vitro system which replicates plasmid DNA containing the replication origin of adenovirus DNA has been established. Replication of plasmid pLA1 DNA, which contains the left-hand terminus (0-9.4 map units) of adenovirus serotype 5 DNA but which lacks the 55,000-dalton terminal protein, is initiated by a protein-primed mechanism in a manner similar to that found with adenovirus DNA. Initiation of DNA replication using plasmid pLA1 as a template requires (i) that the cloned adenovirus sequence be present at the terminus of a linearized (form III) DNA molecule ( Tamanoi , F., and Stillman , B. W. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 79, 2221-2225; van Bergen, B. G. M., van der Ley , P. A., van Driel , W., van Mansfield , A. D. M., and van der Vliet , P. A. (1983) Nucleic Acid Res. 11, 1975-1979), and (ii) the presence of the 80,000-dalton precursor to the 55,000-dalton terminal protein and the adenovirus coded DNA-dependent DNA polymerase. In the presence of the four deoxy-nucleoside triphosphates, the preterminal protein, the adenovirus coded DNA binding protein, and an extract prepared from uninfected HeLa nuclei, the adenovirus DNA polymerase can elongate the preterminal-protein dCMP initiation complex formed on pLA1 DNA to full length (6.6 kilobase) DNA molecules. These results suggest that the 55,000-dalton terminal protein covalently linked to the 5' termini of adenovirus DNA is not essential for the replication of this DNA.




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