Effects of internal deletions on the priming activity of the phage phi 29 terminal protein.

Abstract:

A series of internal deletions of gene 3, coding for the phage phi 29 DNA terminal protein, have been constructed and characterized. In addition, a substitution mutant in the sequence corresponding to amino acids (aa) 49-51 was obtained. The priming activity of the substitution mutant protein, in the formation of the protein p3-dAMP initiation complex, was drastically reduced suggesting that some of the aa present at position 49-51 are essential for p3 function. Deletions of 8 to 33 aa, from aa residue 48 towards the N terminus of the substitution mutant, further decreased the priming activity of the protein. The activity of deletion mutants lacking 15 or 21 aa from residue 57 towards the C terminus, and also containing a point mutation at position 56, was greatly reduced, and no activity was seen when 24 aa were lacking.

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