Kinetic analysis of template.primer interactions with recombinant forms of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.

Beard WA, Wilson SH
Biochemistry (1993), Volume 32, Page 9745
PubMed entry


The reverse transcriptase (RT) from the human immunodeficiency virus ...
The reverse transcriptase (RT) from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exists predominantly as a heterodimer (p66/p51), but can also form a homodimer of p66 subunits (p66/p66). RT binds to template-primer (T/P) tightly to form the first complex in the reaction sequence poised to conduct DNA synthesis upon the addition of dNTP and Mg2+. We have made use of this property to kinetically analyze poly(rA)-(dT)n interactions with recombinant homo- and heterodimeric HIV-1 RT derived from HXB2R proviral DNA. A T/P challenge assay was used to quantitatively follow RT-T/P complex formation. The homo- and heterodimeric forms of RT bound to poly(rA)-(dT)16 in a kinetically similar fashion. There was no more than a 2-fold difference in kcat or for any T/P parameter examined: Km, Kd, kon, koff determined from a binary complex or from a complex incorporating dTMP, processivity, and stoichiometry of binding. In contrast, it was found that the T/P Km with heterodimeric RT derived from the NY5 strain was significantly greater than that determined for HXB2R enzyme, indicating that a kinetic diversity exists between RT derived from different viral strains. Since HXB2R RT binds to poly(rA)-(dT)16 tightly, Kd < 1 nM, active-site titrations are facilitated. At saturation, one T/P binds per two polypeptides, suggesting that RT binds substrate productively as a dimer and that if monomers are present they must rapidly form dimers in the presence of T/P.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.