Intramolecular chimeras of the p51 subunit between HIV-1 and FIV reverse transcriptases suggest a stabilizing function for the p66 subunit in the heterodimeric enzyme.


The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reverse transcriptase (RT) is a ...
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reverse transcriptase (RT) is a heterodimeric enzyme composed of a 66 kDa (p66) and a 51 kDa (p51) subunit. Recently we showed that p51 plays an important role in the conformation of p66 within the HIV-1 RT heterodimer and hence appears to influence its catalytic activities [Amacker, M., and H ubscher, U. (1998) J. Mol. Biol. 278, 757-765]. This was further investigated here via construction of three intramolecular chimeras of HIV-1 and FIV RTs. The first 25 and 112 amino acids of the N terminus, respectively, as well as the last 22 amino acids of the C terminus in the p51 subunit of HIV-1 RT were exchanged with the corresponding regions of the FIV RT and combined with the wild-type HIV-1 p66. Characterization of these chimeric RT heterodimers demonstrated significant biochemical differences in (i) DNA-dependent DNA synthesis, (ii) strand displacement DNA synthesis, and (iii) RNase H activity. Our results indicate that both the N and C termini of HIV-1 RT p51 appear to be important in stabilizing the RT heterodimer for enzymatic functions.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.