Characterization of marine X-family DNA polymerases and comparative analysis of base excision repair proteins.

Abstract:

While mammalian DNA polymerase β (Pol β), which is a member of the Pol X family, play important roles in base excision repair (BER) that efficiently removes DNA base lesions arising from both endogenous and exogenous agents, this protein has been found only a subset of animals. To understand natural evolution of this enzyme, we isolated and characterized Pol β from jellyfish Aurelia sp.1. (AsPol β). Despite of phylogenetic distance and environmental differences between jellyfish and mammals, in vitro assays showed biochemical characteristics of AsPol β were very similar to those of a mammalian counterpart. We also searched two other homologs of mammalian genes that were involved in short patch (sp) BER in the nucleotide sequence database, and found that both of these homologs were encoded in the genomes of a lineage from Cnidarians through mammals and Arthropods. This study suggests that a DNA repair mechanism resembling mammalian sp-BER may be largely limited to a subset of animals. On the basis of our findings and previous reports, we discuss possible evolutional model of Pol β and the other members of the Pol X family.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Source / Purification, Historical Protein Properties (MW, pI, ...)

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.