An expanded model of replicating human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase.


Replication complexes containing wild-type and RNase H-deficient ...
Replication complexes containing wild-type and RNase H-deficient p66/p51 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) were analyzed by DNase I and S1 footprinting. While crystallography and chemical footprinting data demonstrate that 15-18 bases of primer and template occupy the DNA polymerase and RNase H active centers, enzymatic footprinting suggests that a larger portion of substrate is encompassed by the replicating enzyme. Independent of the position of DNA synthesis arrest, template nucleotides +7 to -23 and primer nucleotides -1 to -25 are nuclease resistant. On both DNA strands, position -20 remains accessible to DNase I cleavage, suggestive of an alteration in nucleic acid structure between exiting the RNase H catalytic center and leaving the C-terminal p66 domain. A model of HIV-1 RT containing an extended single-stranded template and duplex region was constructed on the basis of the structure of an RT/DNA complex. Mapping of footprint data onto this model shows consistency between biochemical and structural data, implicating a contribution from domains proximal to the catalytic centers.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.