HIV-1 and HIV-2 reverse transcriptases: a comparative study of sensitivity to inhibition by selected natural products.

Abstract:

One hundred and fifty six pure natural products, which had previously been tested against HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, were evaluated for HIV-2 reverse transcriptase inhibitory activity. Compounds that lacked effect in the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase system were found also to be inactive against HIV-2 reverse transcriptase. However, compounds belonging to the benzophenanthridine and protoberberine classes of alkaloids, certain flavonoids, the iridoid, fulvoplumierin, and the ansamycin antibiotic, daunomycin, exhibited similar potencies in both enzyme systems. In contrast, HIV-2 reverse transcriptase was observed to be four-fold more sensitive toward the inhibitory effects of the ipecac alkaloids, O-methylpsychotrine sulfate heptahydrate and psychotrine dihydrogen oxalate. Such differences in susceptibilities to inhibitors may indicate subtle dissimilarities in enzyme structure and function.

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