The nucleoside analog-resistant E89G mutant of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase displays a broader cross-resistance that extends to nonnucleoside inhibitors.

Abstract:

The alteration of a glutamic acid (E) to a glycine (G) amino acid residue at position 89 (E89G alteration) in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase confers decreased susceptibility to several nucleoside analog inhibitors. Because the nonnucleoside inhibitor-binding pocket is adjacent to the deoxynucleoside triphosphate substrate-binding site, the impact of the E89G reverse transcriptase has decreased susceptibility to TIBO R82150, nevirapine, and to a lesser extent, delavirdine. Human immunodeficiency viruses bearing the same mutation displayed decreased susceptibility to inhibition by these compounds in a cell culture virus replication assay.

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