Crystal structure of the catalytic alpha subunit of E. coli replicative DNA polymerase III.

Abstract:

Bacterial replicative DNA polymerases such as Polymerase III (Pol III) share no sequence similarity with other polymerases. The crystal structure, determined at 2.3 A resolution, of a large fragment of Pol III (residues 1-917), reveals a unique chain fold with localized similarity in the catalytic domain to DNA polymerase beta and related nucleotidyltransferases. The structure of Pol III is strikingly different from those of members of the canonical DNA polymerase families, which include eukaryotic replicative polymerases, suggesting that the DNA replication machinery in bacteria arose independently. A structural element near the active site in Pol III that is not present in nucleotidyltransferases but which resembles an element at the active sites of some canonical DNA polymerases suggests that, at a more distant level, all DNA polymerases may share a common ancestor. The structure also suggests a model for interaction of Pol III with the sliding clamp and DNA.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Structure and Structure/Function

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Structures:

2HNH 2HQA
Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.