Functional characterization of chimeric reverse transcriptases with polypeptide subunits of highly divergent HIV-1 group M and O strains.

Abstract:

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 strains have been divided into three groups: main (M), outlier (O), and non-M non-O (N). Biochemical analyses of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) have been performed predominantly with enzymes derived from HIV-1 group M:subtype B laboratory strains. This study was designed to optimize the expression and to characterize the enzymatic properties of HIV-1 group O RTs as well as chimeric RTs composed of group M and O p66 and p51 subunits. The DNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity on a short heteropolymeric template-primer was similar with all enzymes, i.e. the HIV-1 group O and M and chimeric RTs. Our data revealed that the 51-kDa subunit in the chimeric heterodimer p66(M:B)/p51(O) confers increased heterodimer stability and partial resistance to non-nucleoside RT inhibitors. Chimeric RTs (p66(M:B)/p51(O) and p66(O)/p51(M:B)) were unable to initiate reverse transcription from tRNA(3)(Lys) using HIV-1 group O or group M:subtype B RNA templates. In contrast, HIV-1 group O and M RTs supported (-)-strand DNA synthesis from tRNA(3)(Lys) hybridized to any of their corresponding HIV-1 RNA templates. HIV-2 RT could not initiate reverse transcription on tRNA(3)(Lys)-primed HIV-1 genomic RNA. These findings suggest that the initiation event is conserved between HIV-1 groups, but not HIV types.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.