Identification of the primer binding domain in human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase.

Basu A, Ahluwalia KK, Basu S, Modak MJ
Biochemistry (1992), Volume 31, Page 616
PubMed entry


We have labeled the primer binding domain of HIV1-RT with ...
We have labeled the primer binding domain of HIV1-RT with 5'-32P-labeled (dT)15 primer using ultraviolet light energy. The specificity of the primer cross-linking to HIV1-RT was demonstrated by competition experiments. Both synthetic and natural primers, e.g., p(dA)15, p(dC)15, and tRNA(Lys), inhibit p(dT)15 binding and cross-linking to the enzyme. The observed binding and cross-linking of the primer to the enzyme were further shown to be functionally significant by the observation that tRNA(Lys) inhibits the polymerase activity on poly(rA).(dT)15 template-primer as well as the cross-linking of p(dT)15 to the enzyme to a similar extent. At an enzyme to p(dT)15 ratio of 1:3, about 15% of the enzyme can be cross-linked to the primer. To identify the domain cross-linked to (dT)15, tryptic peptides were generated and purified by a combination of HPLC on a C-18 reverse-phase column and DEAE-Sephadex chromatography. A single peptide cross-linked to p(dT)15 was identified. This peptide corresponded to amino acid residues 288-307 in the primary sequence of HIV1-RT as judged by amino acid composition and sequence analyses. Further, Leu(289)-Thr(290) and Leu(295)-Thr(296) of HIV1-RT appear to be the probable sites of cross-linking to the primer p(dT)15.




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