A general structure for DNA-dependent DNA polymerases.

Gene (1991), Volume 100, Page 27

Abstract:

In addition to the general 3'-5' exonuclease domain described by Bernad et al. [Cell 59 (1989) 219-228] significant amino acid (aa) sequence similarity has been found in the C-terminal portion of 27 DNA-dependent DNA polymerases belonging to the two main superfamilies: (i) Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (PolI)-like prokaryotic DNA polymerases, and (ii) DNA polymerase alpha-like prokaryotic and eukaryotic (viral and cellular) DNA polymerases. The six most conserved C-terminal regions, spanning approx. 340 aa, are located in the same linear arrangement and contain highly conserved motifs and critical residues involved in the polymerization function. According to the three-dimensional model of PolIk (Klenow fragment), these six conserved regions are located in the proposed polymerization domain, forming the metal and dNTP binding sites and the cleft for holding the DNA template. Site-directed mutagenesis in the phi 29 DNA polymerase supports some of these structural predictions. Therefore, it is likely that a 'Klenow-like core', containing the DNA polymerase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities, has evolved from a common ancestor, giving rise to the present-day prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA polymerases.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.