Fidelity of eucaryotic DNA polymerase delta holoenzyme from Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

Abstract:

The fidelity of Schizosaccharomyces pombe DNA polymerase delta was measured in the presence or absence of its processivity subunits, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) sliding clamp and replication factor C (RFC) clamp-loading complex, using a synthetic 30-mer primer/100-mer template. Synthesis by pol delta alone was distributive. Processive synthesis occurred in the presence of PCNA, RFC, and Escherichia coli single strand DNA-binding protein (SSB) and required the presence of ATP. "Passive" self-loading of PCNA onto DNA takes place in the absence of RFC, in an ATP-independent reaction, which was strongly inhibited by SSB. The nucleotide substitution error rate for pol delta holoenzyme (HE) (pol delta + PCNA + RFC) was 4.6 x 10(-4) for T.G mispairs, 5.3 x 10(-5) for G.G mispairs, and 4.5 x 10(-6) for A.G mispairs. The T.G misincorporation frequency for pol delta without the accessory proteins was unchanged. The fidelity of pol delta HE was between 1 and 2 orders of magnitude lower than that measured for the E. coli pol III HE at the same template position. This relatively low fidelity was caused by inefficient proofreading by the S. pombe polymerase-associated proofreading exonuclease. The S. pombe 3'-exonuclease activity was also extremely inefficient in excising primer-3'-terminal mismatches in the absence of dNTP substrates and in hydrolyzing single-stranded DNA. A comparison of pol delta HE with E. coli pol IIIalpha HE (lacking the proofreading exonuclease subunit) showed that both holoenzymes exhibit similar error rates for each mispair.

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