Photoaffinity labeling of DNA template-primer binding site in Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I. Identification of involved amino acids.


We have used two self-annealing template-primers (TPs) to covalently ...
We have used two self-annealing template-primers (TPs) to covalently cross-link the Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I in its polymerase mode. The specificity of cross-linking is demonstrated by the observation that other template-primers, but not the template or primer alone, readily compete with self-annealing TPs. The enzyme-TP covalent complex is catalytically active and can incorporate one nucleotide on the primer terminus of the immobilized template-primer. Using a peptide mapping approach, we have identified a 17-amino acid tryptic peptide spanning residues 759-775 as a major constituent of the TP binding domain. Amino acid sequence analysis further revealed that Ile-765, Tyr-766 in the O-helix and Ser-769, Phe-771 in the O1-helix of the three-dimensional crystal structure of the Klenow fragment constitute the attachment site for TP.




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