Misinsertion and bypass of thymine-thymine dimers by human DNA polymerase iota.


Human DNA polymerase iota (pol(iota)) is a recently discovered enzyme ...
Human DNA polymerase iota (pol(iota)) is a recently discovered enzyme that exhibits extremely low fidelity on undamaged DNA templates. Here, we show that poliota is able to facilitate limited translesion replication of a thymine-thymine cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD). More importantly, however, the bypass event is highly erroneous. Gel kinetic assays reveal that pol(iota) misinserts T or G opposite the 3' T of the CPD approximately 1.5 times more frequently than the correct base, A. While pol(iota) is unable to extend the T.T mispair significantly, the G.T mispair is extended and the lesion completely bypassed, with the same efficiency as that of the correctly paired A. T base pair. By comparison, pol(iota) readily misinserts two bases opposite a 6-4 thymine-thymine pyrimidine-pyrimidone photoproduct (6-4PP), but complete lesion bypass is only a fraction of that observed with the CPD. Our data indicate, therefore, that poliota possesses the ability to insert nucleotides opposite UV photoproducts as well as to perform unassisted translesion replication that is likely to be highly mutagenic.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.