Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase kappa in vitro.

Abstract:

Error-free lesion bypass and error-prone lesion bypass are important cellular responses to DNA damage during replication, both of which require a DNA polymerase (Pol). To identify lesion bypass DNA polymerases, we have purified human Polkappa encoded by the DINB1 gene and examined its response to damaged DNA templates. Here, we show that human Polkappa is a novel lesion bypass polymerase in vitro. Purified human Polkappa efficiently bypassed a template 8-oxoguanine, incorporating mainly A and less frequently C opposite the lesion. Human Polkappa most frequently incorporated A opposite a template abasic site. Efficient further extension required T as the next template base, and was mediated mainly by a one-nucleotide deletion mechanism. Human Polkappa was able to bypass an acetylaminofluorene-modified G in DNA, incorporating either C or T, and less efficiently A opposite the lesion. Furthermore, human Polkappa effectively bypassed a template (-)-trans-anti-benzo[a]pyrene-N:(2)-dG lesion in an error-free manner by incorporating a C opposite the bulky adduct. In contrast, human Polkappa was unable to bypass a template TT dimer or a TT (6-4) photoproduct, two of the major UV lesions. These results suggest that Polkappa plays an important role in both error-free and error-prone lesion bypass in humans.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.