Antitumor activity of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine nucleotide analog against tumors up-regulating DNA polymerase beta.

Abstract:

DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta), an error-prone DNA-synthesizing enzyme tightly down-regulated in healthy somatic cells, has been shown to be overexpressed in many human tumors. In this study, we show that treatment with the 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddC) nucleoside analog inhibited in vitro and in vivo the proliferation of Pol beta-transfected B16 melanoma cells, which up-regulate Pol beta compared with control isogenic cells. The administration of ddC also increased specifically the survival of mice bearing Pol beta-overexpressing B16 melanoma. When the phosphorylated form of ddC was electrotransfered into Pol beta-transfected melanoma, the cell growth inhibition was strengthened, strongly suggesting that the cytotoxic effect results from incorporation of the chain terminator into DNA. Using in vitro single- and double-stranded DNA synthesis assays, we demonstrated that excess Pol beta perturbs the replicative machinery, favors ddC-TP incorporation into DNA, and consequently promotes chain termination. Therefore, the use of chain terminator anticancer agents could be suitable for the treatment of tumors with a high level of Pol beta.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Health/Disease, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Nucleotide Incorporation

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

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