Antitumor activity of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine nucleotide analog against tumors up-regulating DNA polymerase beta.


DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta), an error-prone DNA-synthesizing enzyme ...
DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta), an error-prone DNA-synthesizing enzyme tightly down-regulated in healthy somatic cells, has been shown to be overexpressed in many human tumors. In this study, we show that treatment with the 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddC) nucleoside analog inhibited in vitro and in vivo the proliferation of Pol beta-transfected B16 melanoma cells, which up-regulate Pol beta compared with control isogenic cells. The administration of ddC also increased specifically the survival of mice bearing Pol beta-overexpressing B16 melanoma. When the phosphorylated form of ddC was electrotransfered into Pol beta-transfected melanoma, the cell growth inhibition was strengthened, strongly suggesting that the cytotoxic effect results from incorporation of the chain terminator into DNA. Using in vitro single- and double-stranded DNA synthesis assays, we demonstrated that excess Pol beta perturbs the replicative machinery, favors ddC-TP incorporation into DNA, and consequently promotes chain termination. Therefore, the use of chain terminator anticancer agents could be suitable for the treatment of tumors with a high level of Pol beta.



Health/Disease, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Nucleotide Incorporation


new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.