Limited terminal transferase in human DNA polymerase mu defines the required balance between accuracy and efficiency in NHEJ.


DNA polymerase mu (Polmu) is a family X member implicated in DNA ...
DNA polymerase mu (Polmu) is a family X member implicated in DNA repair, with template-directed and terminal transferase (template-independent) activities. It has been proposed that the terminal transferase activity of Polmu can be specifically required during non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) to create or increase complementarity of DNA ends. By site-directed mutagenesis in human Polmu, we have identified a specific DNA ligand residue (Arg(387)) that is responsible for its limited terminal transferase activity compared to that of human TdT, its closest homologue (42% amino acid identity). Polmu mutant R387K (mimicking TdT) displayed a large increase in terminal transferase activity, but a weakened interaction with ssDNA. That paradox can be explained by the regulatory role of Arg(387) in the translocation of the primer from a non-productive E:DNA complex to a productive E:DNA:dNTP complex in the absence of a templating base, which is probably the rate limiting step during template-independent synthesis. Further, we show that the Polmu switch from terminal transferase to templated insertions in NHEJ reactions is triggered by recognition of a 5'-P at a second DNA end, whose 3'-protrusion could provide a templating base to facilitate such a special "pre-catalytic translocation step." These studies shed light on the mechanism by which a rate-limited terminal transferase activity in Polmu could regulate the balance between accuracy and necessary efficiency, providing some variability during NHEJ.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.