Monoacetylcurcumin: a new inhibitor of eukaryotic DNA polymerase lambda and a new ligand for inhibitor-affinity chromatography.

Abstract:

We previously reported that a phenolic compound, curcumin (diferuloylmethane), was a selective inhibitor of DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) in vitro [Y. Mizushina, M. Hirota, C. Murakami, T. Ishidoh, S. Kamisuki, N. Shimazaki, M. Takemura, M. Perpelescu, M. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, F. Sugawara, O. Koiwai, K. Sakaguchi, Some anti-chronic inflammatory compounds are DNA polymerase lambda-specific inhibitors, Biochem. Pharmacol. 66 (2003) 1935-1944.]. We also found that monoacetylcurcumin ([1E,4Z,6E]-7-(4''-acetoxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-5-hydroxy-1-(4'-hydroxy-3'-m ethoxyphenyl)hepta-1,4,6-trien-3-on), a chemically synthesized derivative of curcumin, was a stronger pol lambda inhibitor than curcumin, achieving 50% inhibition at a concentration of 3.9microM. Monoacetylcurcumin did not influence the activities of replicative pols such as alpha, delta, and epsilon, and showed no effect even on the activity of pol beta, the three-dimensional structure of which is thought to be highly similar to that of pol lambda. The compound-induced inhibition of pol lambda activity was non-competitive with respect to both the DNA template-primer and the dNTP substrate. Monoacetylcurcumin did not inhibit the activity of the C-terminal catalytic domain of pol lambda including the pol beta-like core, in which the BRCT motif was deleted. The compound did not influence the activities of prokaryotic pols or other mammalian DNA metabolizing enzymes such as calf primase of pol alpha, calf terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, human telomerase, human immunodeficiency virus type-1 reverse transcriptase, T7 RNA polymerase, T4 polynucleotide kinase, and bovine deoxyribonuclease I. Therefore, we concluded that monoacetylcurcumin is a selective inhibitor of pol lambda and could be used as a chromatographic ligand to purify pol lambda. We then made a monoacetylcurcumin-conjugated column with epoxy-activated Sepharose 6B. In the column, pol lambda of full length was selectively adsorbed and eluted.

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