Translesion DNA synthesis by yeast DNA polymerase eta on templates containing N2-guanine adducts of 1,3-butadiene metabolites.

Abstract:

Yeast DNA polymerase eta can replicate through cis-syn cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and 8-oxoguanine lesions with the same efficiency and accuracy as replication of an undamaged template. Previously, it has been shown that Escherichia coli DNA polymerases I, II, and III are incapable of bypassing DNA substrates containing N(2)-guanine adducts of stereoisomeric 1,3-butadiene metabolites. Here we showed that yeast polymerase eta replicates DNA containing the monoadducts (S)-butadiene monoepoxide and (S,S)-butadiene diolepoxide N(2)-guanines albeit at an approximately 200-300-fold lower efficiency relative to the control guanine. Interestingly, nucleotide incorporation opposite the (R)-butadiene monoepoxide and the (R,R)-butadiene diolepoxide N(2)-guanines was approximately 10-fold less efficient than incorporation opposite their S stereoisomers. Polymerase eta preferentially incorporates the correct nucleotide opposite and downstream of all four adducts, except that it shows high misincorporation frequencies for elongation of C paired with (R)-butadiene monoepoxide N(2)-guanine. Additionally, polymerase eta does not bypass the (R,R)- and (S,S)-butadiene diolepoxide N(2)-guanine-N(2)-guanine intra- strand cross-links, and replication is completely blocked just prior to the lesion. Collectively, these data suggest that polymerase eta can tolerate the geometric distortions in DNA conferred by the N(2)-guanine butadiene monoadducts but not the intrastrand cross-links.

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