Polymerization of 2'-fluoro- and 2'-O-methyl-dNTPs by human DNA polymerase alpha, polymerase gamma, and primase.

Abstract:

Studies were undertaken to assess the ability of human polymerase alpha (pol alpha) and polymerase gamma (pol gamma) to incorporate 2'-fluoro- and 2'-O-methyldeoxynucleotides into DNA. In vitro DNA synthesis systems were used to detect incorporation and determine K(m) and V(max) for 2'-FdATP, 2'-FdUTP, 2'-FdCTP, 2'-FdGTP, 2'-O-MedATP, 2'-O-MedCTP, 2'-O-MedGTP, 2'-O-MedUTP, dUTP, UTP, and FIAUTP, in addition to normal deoxynucleotides. Pol alpha incorporated all 2'-FdNTPs except 2'-FdATP, but not 2'-O-MedNTPs. Pol gamma incorporated all 2'-FdNTPs, but not 2'-O-MedNTPs. In general, 2'-fluorine substitution decreased V(max)/K(m) 2'-FdUTP. Because kinetics of insertion of pol alpha can be affected by the nature of the primer, we examined the ability of pol alpha to polymerize 2'-fluoro- and 2'-O-MedATP and dGTP when elongating a primer synthesized by DNA primase. Under these conditions, both 2'-FdATP and 2'-FdGTP were polymerized, but 2'-O-MedATP and 2'-O-MedGTP were not. Primase alone could not readily polymerize these analogs into RNA primers. Previous studies showed that 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorocytosine (2'-FdC) is incorporated by several non-human DNA polymerases. The current studies showed that human polymerases can polymerize numerous 2'-FdNTPs but cannot polymerize 2'-O-MedNTPs.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.