DNA polymerase switching: I. Replication factor C displaces DNA polymerase alpha prior to PCNA loading.

Abstract:

An important not yet fully understood event in DNA replication is the DNA polymerase (pol) switch from pol alpha to pol delta. Indirect evidence suggested that the clamp loader replication factor C (RF-C) plays an important role, since a replication competent protein complex containing pol alpha, pol delta and RF-C could perform pol switching in the presence of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). By using purified pol alpha/primase, pol delta, RF-C, PCNA and RP-A we show that: (i) RF-C can inhibit pol alpha in the presence of ATP prior to PCNA loading, (ii) RF-C decreases the affinity of pol alpha for the 3'OH primer ends, (iii) the inhibition of pol alpha by RF-C is released upon PCNA loading, (iv) ATP hydrolysis is required for PCNA loading and subsequent release of inhibition of pol alpha, (v) under these conditions a switching from pol alpha/primase to pol delta is evident. Thus, RF-C appears to be critical for the pol alpha to pol delta switching. Based on these results, a model is proposed in which RF-C induces the pol switching by sequestering the 3'-OH end from pol alpha and subsequently recruiting PCNA to DNA.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.