Aphidicolin inhibits in vitro the activity of pseudorabies virus (PRV) DNA polymerase and in vivo the viral proliferation.

Abstract:

We have purified and characterized Pseudorabies virus (PRV) DNA polymerase from infected TK- mouse cells. PRV DNA polymerase has a 3'- > 5' exonuclease activity; it is stimulated by ionic strength, requires magnesium for optimal activity and it is more sensitive to aphidicolin than eukaryotic and HSV-1 replicative DNA polymerases. Aphidicolin inhibits in vitro PRV DNA polymerase competitively with respect to dCTP with a Ki of 0.06 microM and completely blocks viral growth in vivo at 4.4 microM. The high sensitivity to aphidicolin of animal herpesvirus DNA polymerases might allow a topical use of this drug in the treatment of animal herpesvirus keratitis and stomatitis.

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