Development of novel inhibitor probes of DNA polymerase III based on dGTP analogs of the HPUra type: base, nucleoside and nucleotide derivatives of N2-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)guanine.


6-(p-Hydroxyphenylhydrazino)uracil (H2-HPUra) is a selective and ...
6-(p-Hydroxyphenylhydrazino)uracil (H2-HPUra) is a selective and potent inhibitor of the replication-specific class III DNA polymerase (pol III) of Gr+ bacteria. Although formally a pyrimidine, H2-HPUra derives its inhibitory activity from its specific capacity to mimic the purine nucleotide, dGTP. We describe the successful conversion of the H2-HPUra inhibitor prototype to a bona fide purine, using N2-(benzyl)guanine (BG) as the basis. Structure-activity relationships of BGs carrying a variety of substituents on the aryl ring identified N2-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)guanine (DCBG) as a nucleus equivalent to H2-HPUra with respect to potency and inhibitor mechanism. DCBdGTP, the 2'-deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphate form of DCBG, was synthesized and characterized with respect to its action on wild-type and mutant forms of B. subtilis DNA pol III. DCBdGTP acted on pol III by the characteristic inhibitor mechanism and formally occupied the dNTP binding site with a fit which permitted its polymerization.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.