Accessory proteins bind a primed template and mediate rapid cycling of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme from Escherichia coli.

Abstract:

DNA polymerase III holoenzyme was assembled from pure proteins onto a primer template scaffold. The assembly process could be divided into two stages. In the time-consuming first stage, beta subunit and gamma.delta subunit complex were required in forming a tightly bound ATP-activated "preinitiation complex" with a single-stranded DNA bacteriophage circle uniquely primed with a synthetic pentadecadeoxyribonucleotide. This finding substantiates an earlier study using crude protein preparations in a homopolymer system lacking Escherichia coli single-stranded DNA binding protein (Wickner, S. (1976) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 73, 3511-3515). In the second stage, the polymerase III core and the tau subunit rapidly seek out and bind the preinitiation complex to form DNA polymerase III holoenzyme capable of rapid and entirely processive replication of the circular DNA. ATP is not required beyond formation of the preinitiation complex. It is remarkable that the fully assembled DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is so stably bound to the primed DNA circle (4-min half-time of dissociation), yet upon completing a round of synthesis the polymerase cycles within 10 s to a new preinitiation complex on a challenge primed DNA circle. Efficient polymerase cycling only occurred when challenge primed DNA was endowed with a preinitiation complex implying that cycling is mediated by a polymerase subassembly which dissociates from its accessory proteins and associates with a new preinitiation complex. These subunit dynamics suggest mechanisms for polymerase cycling on the lagging strand of replication forks in a growing chromosome.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.