The thiocarboxanilide nonnucleoside UC781 is a tight-binding inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.


The thiocarboxanilide nonnucleoside inhibitor (NNI) UC781 inhibited HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) DNA polymerase activity at a 1:1 molar ratio of inhibitor to enzyme. Inhibition was linear uncompetitive with respect to template/primer (T/P) and mixed noncompetitive with respect to deoxynucleoside triphosphate (dNTP), typical of NNI. When the RT-T/P binary complex was incubated with UC781 and then separated from unbound inhibitor, recovery of enzyme activity was slow, with only about 60% activity recovered after 25 min. The inactivation of the RT-T/P complex was prevented by the presence of a large excess of UC84, another carboxanilide NNI that interacts with this RT mechanistic form. UC781 protected the RT-T/P-dNTP ternary complex from irreversible inactivation by a photoactivatable azido analog of nevirapine, implying that UC781 binds to the NNI pocket of this RT mechanistic form. UC781 did not photoprotect either the free enzyme or the RT-T/P binary complex; however, protein fluorescence quenching studies indicated that UC781 interacted with all RT mechanistic forms, with the order of affinity being RT-T/P-dNTP ternary complex > RT-T/P binary complex > free RT. Reaction progress curve analysis showed that the binding of UC781 to RT is rapid (k(on) approximately 1.7 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1)), but that dissociation is slow (k(off) approximately 1.6 x 10(-3) s(-1)). UC781 is therefore a rapid tight-binding inhibitor of HIV-1 RT, the first NNI to demonstrate this property.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.