4'-C-substituted-2'-deoxynucleosides: a family of antiretroviral agents which are potent against drug-resistant HIV variants.


In the past years, a variety of 4'-C-substituted-2'-deoxynucleosides ...
In the past years, a variety of 4'-C-substituted-2'-deoxynucleosides (4'SdNs) were designed, synthesized, and examined as potential therapeutics against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and certain such analogues proved to exert potent activity against HIV-1 in vitro. Unlike currently available nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors such as 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT), which have the 2',3'-dideoxy configuration and thereby cause DNA chain termination in the elongating proviral DNA, 4'SdNs do retain the 3'-alpha-OH moiety but also appear to work against retrovirus as proviral DNA chain terminators. Several 4'SdNs have been shown to be active against various laboratory and clinical HIV-1 strains including known drug-resistant HIV-1 variants. Among such 4'SdNs is 4'-azido-2'-deoxythymidine (4'-AZT) which exerts potent antiviral activity against wild type and AZT-resistant clinical HIV strains. More anti-HIV 4'SdNs have recently been reported including 4'-ethynylthymidine, 4'-ethynyl-2'-deoxy-D-ribofuranosyl-2,6-diaminopurine (4'-E-dDAP), 4'-ethynyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (4'-E-dG) and 4'-ethynyl-2'-deoxyadenosine (4'-E-dA). The latter three analogues are highly potent against HIV-1 and HIV-2 with EC50 values ranging from 0.0003 to 0.01 microM and have favorable cytotoxicity profiles with selective index (SI) values ranging from 975 to 2600. These 4'-ethynyl-2'-deoxynucleosides also exert potent activity against all known drug-resistant HIV-1 variants including the multi-dideoxynucleoside-resistant HIV and the variants with the 6-base pair inserts. Some of these compounds have favorable pharmacological properties and further development as potential therapeutics against HIV-1 infection is warranted.





new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.