Compartmentalization of phage phi29 DNA replication: interaction between the primer terminal protein and the membrane-associated protein p1.


The bacteriophage phi29 replication protein p1 (85 amino acids) is membrane associated in Bacillus subtilis-infected cells. The C-terminal 52 amino acid residues of p1 are sufficient for assembly into protofilament sheet structures. Using chemical cross-linking experiments, we demonstrate here that p1DeltaC43, a C-terminally truncated p1 protein that neither associates with membranes in vivo nor self-interacts in vitro, can interact with the primer terminal protein (TP) in vitro. Like protein p1, plasmid-encoded protein p1DeltaC43 reduces the rate of phi29 DNA replication in vivo in a dosage-dependent manner. We also show that truncated p1 proteins that retain the N-terminal 42 amino acids, when present in excess, interfere with the in vitro formation of the TP.dAMP initiation complex in a reaction that depends on the efficient formation of a primer TP-phi29 DNA polymerase heterodimer. This interference is suppressed by increasing the concentration of either primer TP or phi29 DNA polymerase. We propose a model for initiation of in vivo phi29 DNA replication in which the viral replisome attaches to a membrane-associated p1-based structure.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.