Chemical properties of fatty acid derivatives as inhibitors of DNA polymerases.

Abstract:

In this study, the chemical properties of organic acids as DNA polymerase inhibitors were examined. In total, we assayed the inhibitory activities of 23 compounds. We found that the DNA synthesis activity of DNA polymerase was usually reduced to less than 50% in the presence of 100 microM monoprotic acids, which have a Clog P value greater than 7.0 and a pK(a) value less than 5.4. With a minor modification these chemical properties applied to several organic fatty acids previously reported as DNA polymerase inhibitors. Moreover, we also examined the inhibitory activities of perfluorooctadecanoic acid (PFOdA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) against DNA polymerase beta in detail. These compounds inhibited the polymerase activity of pol beta competitively with template-primer DNA, and non-competitively with dNTPs. In addition, the 8 kDa domain-defective pol beta was also sensitive to these compounds. Our results suggest that the inhibitory mode of action of PFOdA and PFOS is different from that mediated by the classic fatty acid inhibitors against DNA polymerase beta.

Polymerases:

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