phi29 DNA polymerase residue Phe128 of the highly conserved (S/T)Lx(2)h motif is required for a stable and functional interaction with the terminal protein.


Bacteriophage phi29 encodes a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase belonging ...
Bacteriophage phi29 encodes a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase belonging to the eukaryotic-type (family B) subgroup of DNA polymerases that use a protein as primer for initiation of DNA replication. By multiple sequence alignments of DNA polymerases from such a family, we have been able to identify two amino acid residues specifically conserved in the protein-priming subgroup of DNA polymerases, a phenylalanine contained in the (S/T)Lx(2)h motif, and a glutamate belonging to the Exo III motif. Here, we have studied the functional role of these residues in reactions that are specific for DNA polymerases that use a protein-primed DNA replication mechanism, by site-directed mutagenesis in the corresponding amino acid residues, Phe128 and Glu161 of phi29 DNA polymerase. Mutations introduced at residue Phe128 severely impaired the protein-primed replication capacity of the polymerase, being the interaction with the terminal protein (TP) moderately (mutant F128A) or severely (mutant F128Y) diminished. As a consequence, very few initiation products were obtained, and essentially no transition products were detected. Interestingly, phi29 DNA polymerase mutant F128Y showed a decreased binding affinity for short template DNA molecules. These results, together with the high degree of conservation of Phe128 residue among protein-primed DNA polymerases, suggest a functional role for this amino acid residue in making contacts with the TP during the first steps of genome replication and with DNA in the further replication steps.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.