Non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors: synthesis and biological evaluation of novel quinoxalinylethylpyridylthioureas as potent antiviral agents.

Abstract:

New heterocyclic derivatives of ethylpyridylthiourea, quinoxalinylethylpyridylthiourea (QXPT) and analogues, inhibited human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) activity and prevented HIV-1 cytopathogenicity in T4 lymphocytes. Several of these novel non-nucleoside RT inhibitors, with a substituted pyrroloquinoxalinone heteroaromatic skeleton, showed inhibitory activity against wild-type RT as well as against mutant RTs containing the single amino acid substitutions L1001, K103N, V106A, Y1811 and Y188L that was much greater than other non-nucleoside inhibitors such as nevirapine. Maximum potency in enzymatic assays was achieved with a fluoropyrroloquinoxaline skeleton linked to the ethylpyridylthiourea moiety (FQXPT). In cell-based assays on different cell lines and on human monocyte-macrophages, 6-FQXPT exhibited EC50 values in the nanomolar range, with a promising selectivity index. Moreover, 6-FQXPT showed synergistic antiviral activity with zidovudine.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.