R964C mutation of DNA polymerase gamma imparts increased stavudine toxicity by decreasing nucleoside analog discrimination and impairing polymerase activity.


The R964C mutation of human DNA polymerase gamma was recently linked ...
The R964C mutation of human DNA polymerase gamma was recently linked to stavudine (d4T)-mediated mitochondrial toxicity. We utilized pre-steady-state kinetics to determine the effect of this mutation on incorporation of natural substrate dTTP and the active metabolite of d4T (d4TTP). The R964C polymerase gamma holoenzyme demonstrated a 33% decrease in dTTP incorporation efficiency and a threefold-lower d4TTP discrimination relative to that of the wild-type polymerase gamma, providing a mechanistic basis for genetic predisposition to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor toxicity.



Mutational Analysis, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Nucleotide Incorporation


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