Expanding the repertoire of DNA polymerase substrates: template-instructed incorporation of non-nucleoside triphosphate analogues by DNA polymerases beta and lambda.

Abstract:

We have recently shown that neither the base nor the sugar moieties of a nucleotide is an essential feature for its incorporation by DNA polymerases (pols) lambda and beta. Here we present the identification of novel non-nucleoside triphosphate (NNTP) derivatives belonging to three classes: (i) non-substrate-specific inhibitors of DNA pol lambda; (ii) substrate inhibitors which could preferentially be incorporated by either DNA pol lambda wild type or its Y505A mutant and (iii) the substrate inhibitor N-(Biphenylcarbonyl)-4-oxobutyl triphosphate which could be incorporated exclusively by DNA pol beta in a Mg2+-dependent manner, and preferentially pairs with A on the template. This compound represents the first example of a substrate lacking both nucleobase and ribose residue, showing distinct base-pairing properties with normal bases. Therefore, this NNTP analog can be considered as the prototype of an entirely novel class of DNA pol substrates.

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