Mechanism of DNA replication fidelity for three mutants of DNA polymerase I: Klenow fragment KF(exo+), KF(polA5), and KF(exo-).


Inhibition of the pre-steady-state burst of nucleotide incorporation ...
Inhibition of the pre-steady-state burst of nucleotide incorporation by a single incorrect nucleotide (nucleotide discrimination) was measured with the Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase I [KF(exo+)]. For the eight mispairs studied on three DNA sequences, only low levels of discrimination ranging from none to 23-fold were found. The kinetics of dNTP incorporation into the 9/20-mer at low nucleotide concentrations was also determined. A limit of greater than or equal to 250 s-1 was placed on the nucleotide off-rate from the KF(exo+)-9/20-dTTP complex in accord with nucleotide binding being at equilibrium in the overall kinetic sequence. The influence of the relatively short length of the 9/20-mer on the mechanism of DNA replication fidelity was determined by remeasuring important kinetic parameters on a 30/M13-mer with high homology to the 9/20-mer. Pre-steady-state data on the nucleotide turnover rates, the dATP(alpha S) elemental effect, and the burst of dAMP misincorporation into the 30/M13-mer demonstrated that the kinetics were not affected by the length of the DNA primer/template. The effects on fidelity of two site-specific mutations, KF(polA5) and KF(exo-), were also examined. KF(polA5) showed an increased rate of DNA dissociation and a decreased rate of polymerization resulting in less processive DNA synthesis. Nevertheless, with at least one misincorporation event, that of dAMP into the 9/20-mer, KF(polA5) displays an increased replication fidelity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)



Mutational Analysis, Nucleotide Incorporation


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