Base selectivity is impaired by mutants that perturb hydrogen bonding networks in the RB69 DNA polymerase active site.

Abstract:

To investigate the molecular basis for the selective utilization of nucleoside triphosphates complementary to templating bases, by RB69 DNA polymerase (RB69 pol), we constructed a set of mutants that we predicted would perturb the "floor" of the nascent base-pairing interface in the enzyme. We then determined the pre-steady-state kinetic parameters for the incorporation of complementary and noncomplementary dNTPs by the exo(-) form of RB69 pol and its mutants. We found that the Y567A mutant had the same K(d) and k(pol) values for incorporation of C versus G as the wild-type exo(-) enzyme; however, the k(pol)/K(d) ratio for G versus G incorporation with the Y567A mutant was 10 times higher than the k(pol)/K(d) efficiency of G versus G incorporation using the exo(-) RB69 pol. The reduced level of discrimination by the Y567A mutant against incorporation of mismatched bases was also seen with the Y391A mutant. Stopped-flow fluorescence was also employed to monitor rates of putative conformational changes with the exo(-) RB69 pol and its mutants using a primer-template complex containing 2-aminopurine. The rates of fluorescence changes were equal to or greater than the rates of the rapid chemical quench, indicating that we were monitoring a process occurring before or during the phosphoryl transfer reaction. We have interpreted our results within the context of the crystal structure of the RB69 pol ternary complex [Franklin, M. C., et al. (2001) Cell 105, 657-667].

Polymerases:

Topics:

Nucleotide Incorporation, Exonuclease Activity, Kinetic Parameters, Mutational Analysis, Enzyme Substrate Interactions

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

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