Translesion synthesis past acrolein-derived DNA adduct, gamma -hydroxypropanodeoxyguanosine, by yeast and human DNA polymerase eta.


gamma-Hydroxy-1,N(2)-propano-2'deoxyguanosine (gamma-HOPdG) is a major ...
gamma-Hydroxy-1,N(2)-propano-2'deoxyguanosine (gamma-HOPdG) is a major deoxyguanosine adduct derived from acrolein, a known mutagen. In vitro, this adduct has previously been shown to pose a severe block to translesion synthesis by a number of polymerases (pol). Here we show that both yeast and human pol eta can incorporate a C opposite gamma-HOPdG at approximately 190- and approximately 100-fold lower efficiency relative to the control deoxyguanosine and extend from a C paired with the adduct at approximately 8- and approximately 19-fold lower efficiency. Although DNA synthesis past gamma-HOPdG by yeast pol eta was relatively accurate, the human enzyme misincorporated nucleotides opposite the lesion with frequencies of approximately 10(-1) to 10(-2). Because gamma-HOPdG can adopt both ring closed and ring opened conformations, comparative replicative bypass studies were also performed with two model adducts, propanodeoxyguanosine and reduced gamma-HOPdG. For both yeast and human pol eta, the ring open reduced gamma-HOPdG adduct was less blocking than gamma-HOPdG, whereas the ring closed propanodeoxyguanosine adduct was a very strong block. Replication of DNAs containing gamma-HOPdG in wild type and xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells revealed a somewhat decreased mutation frequency in xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells. Collectively, the data suggest that pol eta might potentially contribute to both error-free and mutagenic bypass of gamma-HOPdG.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.