The cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase subunit UL44 forms a C clamp-shaped dimer.


The human cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase consists of a catalytic ...
The human cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase consists of a catalytic subunit, UL54, and a presumed processivity factor, UL44. We have solved the crystal structure of residues 1-290 of UL44 to 1.85 A resolution by multiwavelength anomalous dispersion. The structure reveals a dimer of UL44 in the shape of a C clamp. Each monomer of UL44 shares its overall fold with other processivity factors, including herpes simplex virus UL42, which is a monomer that binds DNA directly, and the sliding clamp, PCNA, which is a trimer that surrounds DNA, although these proteins share no obvious sequence homology. Analytical ultracentrifugation and gel filtration measurements demonstrated that UL44 also forms a dimer in solution, and substitution of large hydrophobic residues along the homodimer interface with alanine disrupted dimerization and decreased DNA binding. UL44 represents a hybrid processivity factor as it binds DNA directly like UL42, but forms a C clamp that may surround DNA like PCNA.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.