Nonradioactive detection of retroviral-associated RNase H activity in a microplate-based, high-throughput format.


None of the available antiretroviral drugs that are currently used in the clinic to treat infection with HIV-1 is directed against the RNase H active site of the reverse transcriptase. Here we developed a nonradioactive, 96-well plate assay designed to be used for high-throughput screening of compounds capable of inhibiting the RNase H activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. We employed a tRNA as substrate that was labeled with digoxygenin-modified reporter residues. The labeled tRNA was prehybridized with a DNA oligonucleotide that contained a single biotinylated residue at its 5'-terminus to ensure its attachment to streptavidin-coated microplates. The uncleaved, immobilized DNA/tRNA substrate was detected through the use of established ELISA protocols. Incubation with purified HIV-1 reverse transcriptase initiated RNase H degradation and caused a signal reduction to negligible background levels. In contrast, the signal intensity remained unaffected when using an RNase H deficient mutant enzyme. The assay was validated using the hydrazone derivative BBNH that was previously shown to inhibit RNase H degradation below concentrations of 10 microM.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.