Selection of resistance-conferring mutations in HIV-1 by the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (+/-)dOTC and (+/-)dOTFC.


The patterns of resistance-conferring mutations that are selected in ...
The patterns of resistance-conferring mutations that are selected in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) by the racemates of 2'-dideoxy-3'-oxa-4'-thiocytidine (+/-)dOTC and its fluorinated derivative (+/-)dOTFC were characterized. Genotypic and phenotypic analyses of HIV-1 clinical isolates and HXB2D variants selected with (+/-)dOTC and (+/-)dOTFC were performed in primary cells and in the MT-2 T cell line. HIV-1 variants selected with (+/-)dOTC or (+/-)dOTFC displayed fivefold decreased susceptibility to the respective compounds. A substitution of methionine to valine was identified at position 184 (M184V) in variants selected with (+/-)dOTC. In contrast, a mutation of lysine to arginine at position 65 (K65R) was found in variants selected with (+/-)dOTFC. These patterns of selected mutations differ from those seen with the individual enantiomers. Studies with mutated recombinant HXB2D-M184V and -K65R confirmed that these mutations are important for phenotypic resistance in MT-2 cells. Clinical isolates that display resistance to (-)2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) also showed cross-resistance to (+/-)dOTC and (+/-)dOTFC. These studies demonstrate that similar genotypes may be selected by the dOTC and dOTFC compounds to those with the structurally related drug 3TC.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.