[Molecular basis and clinical significance of HIV-1 resistance to nucleoside compounds].


The prolonged use of anti-viral nucleosides (ZDV, ddI, ddC) in HIV-infected patients has given rise to the isolation of viral variants that display resistance against these compounds. Tissue culture selection experiments, involving increasing concentrations of anti-viral compounds, have likewise been shown to select for drug-resistant strains of HIV. Cloning, sequencing and site-directed mutagenesis have shown that a series of point mutations in the viral reverse transcriptase (RT) are responsible for this phenomenon. A different series of mutations in RT are responsible for resistance against non-nucleoside inhibitors of this enzyme. These mutations are due to the error-prone nature of RT during viral replication. Mutated forms of recombinant RT, that derive from drug-resistant viruses, have reduced affinity for relevant triphosphorylated nucleosides.




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