Therapeutic strategies towards HIV-1 infection in macrophages.


It is widely recognized that macrophages (M/M) represent a crucial ...
It is widely recognized that macrophages (M/M) represent a crucial target of HIV-1 in the body and play a pivotal role in the pathogenic progression of HIV-1 infection. This strongly supports the clinical relevance of therapeutic strategies able to interfere with HIV-1 replication in M/M. In vitro studies showed that nucleoside analogue inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase have potent antiviral activity in M/M, although the limited penetration of these compounds in sequestered body compartments and low phosphorylation ability of M/M, suggest that a phosphonate group linked to NRTIs may confer greater anti-HIV-1 activity in M/M. Differently, the antiviral activity of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in M/M is similar to that found in CD4+ lymphocytes. Interestingly, protease inhibitors, acting at a post-integrational stage of HIV-1 life-cycle are the only drugs active in chronically infected M/M. A careful analysis of the distribution of antiviral drugs, and the assessment of their activity in M/M, represent key factors in the development of therapeutic strategies aimed to the treatment of HIV-1-infected patients. Moreover, testing new and promising antiviral compounds in such cells may provide crucial hints about their efficacy in patients infected by HIV.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.