Human DNA polymerase iota promotes replication through a ring-closed minor-groove adduct that adopts a syn conformation in DNA.

Abstract:

Acrolein, an alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde, is generated in vivo as the end product of lipid peroxidation and from oxidation of polyamines. The reaction of acrolein with the N2 group of guanine in DNA leads to the formation of a cyclic adduct, gamma-hydroxy-1,N2-propano-2'-deoxyguanosine (gamma-HOPdG). Previously, we have shown that proficient replication through the gamma-HOPdG adduct can be mediated by the sequential action of human DNA polymerases (Pols) iota and kappa, in which Poliota incorporates either pyrimidine opposite gamma-HOPdG, but Polkappa extends only from the cytosine. Since gamma-HOPdG can adopt either a ring-closed cyclic form or a ring-opened form in DNA, to better understand the mechanisms that Pols iota and kappa employ to promote replication through this lesion, we have examined the ability of these polymerases to replicate through the structural analogs of gamma-HOPdG that are permanently either ring closed or ring opened. Our studies with these model adducts show that whereas the ring-opened form of gamma-HOPdG is not inhibitory to synthesis by human Pols eta, iota, or kappa, only Poliota is able to incorporate nucleotides opposite the ring-closed form, which is known to adopt a syn conformation in DNA. From these studies, we infer that (i) Pols eta, iota, and kappa have the ability to proficiently replicate through minor-groove DNA lesions that do not perturb the Watson-Crick hydrogen bonding of the template base with the incoming nucleotide, and (ii) Poliota can accommodate a minor-groove-adducted template purine which adopts a syn conformation in DNA and forms a Hoogsteen base pair with the incoming nucleotide.

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