Snapshots of replication through an abasic lesion; structural basis for base substitutions and frameshifts.

Abstract:

Dpo4 from S. Solfataricus, a DinB-like Y family polymerase, efficiently replicates DNA past an abasic lesion. We have determined crystal structures of Dpo4 complexed with five different abasic site-containing DNA substrates and find that translesion synthesis is template directed with the abasic site looped out and the incoming nucleotide is opposite the base 5' to the lesion. The ensuing DNA synthesis generates a -1 frameshift when the abasic site remains extrahelical. Template realignment during primer extension is also observed, resulting in base substitutions or even +1 frameshifts. In the case of a +1 frameshift, the extra nucleotide is accommodated in the solvent-exposed minor groove. In addition, the structure of an unproductive Dpo4 ternary complex suggests that the flexible little finger domain facilitates DNA orientation and translocation during translesion synthesis.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Structure and Structure/Function

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Structures:

1S0N 1S0O 1S10
Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.